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Monday, February 16, 2009
5-Day (120 hour) Emergency Kit Checklist
There are many types of disasters: floods, fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and terrorist attacks just to name a few. Government and Relief Organizations estimate that after a major disaster, it could now take up to five days for Relief Organizations to be up and running and stocked with the adequate supplies to help people. In such cases, a 5 Day Emergency Kit for each individual in your family could mean the difference between a traumatic life and death experience and one that feels more like a family campout. The following checklist can help you and your families plan and prepare more effectively.
FOOD & WATER•Minimum of 1200 calories of food per person, per day•Minimum of 3 water pouches of water per person, per day•Method of water purification (such as potable aqua and/or a water filter)•Additional water (one gallon of water per person per day for proper hydration under stress and hygiene)
•Additional food (include carbohydrates and canned meats for sustained energy and chocolate candy, energy bars like Power Bars, M&M’s, almonds and hard candy for quick bursts of energy)
•A couple of edible plants identification books and wild game survival books
COOKING & MEAL PREPARATION
•Paper Plates, paper bowls, 12 oz Paper Cups and disposable silverware; 3 rolls of paper towels
•Lightweight Stove & extra Fuel; extra matches and butane lighters
•One quart pan with lid for boiling water and one 10-inch Teflon coated frying pan with lid for cooking
•Plastic Spatula and serving spoons
•Dish washcloths and antibacterial dish soap; 0000 spun wire wool for cleaning & fire starting
•Reflector oven for baking or toasting
COMMUNICATION•AM/FM Radio and a portable NOAA Emergency Alert radio, both with batteries or alternate power source•Plastic whistle with lanyard•Cell Phones, walkie-talkies, portable ham radios and mobile ham radios, all with vehicle and outlet recharge cords
•Matching bright colored family T-shirts, vests, sweatshirts or jackets
•One Emergency Photo Kit for each member to carry with them, containing current photos of all family members along with identification and contact information for all family members and out of state contacts
LIGHT SOURCES•Minimum of 2 Flashlights per person, with extra batteries and extra bulbs•Two 100 hour Candles, or similar, in cans or secure containers•Several 12-hour Light-sticks•Lantern, mantels and fuel, or portable crank and/or battery operated lanterns, with extra batteries
HYGIENE & SANITATION•Personal Hygiene Kit (Include soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss, comb, sanitary napkins, diapers, razors, and other toiletry items)•1 roll of Toilet paper per person•Facial Tissue•Portable Toilet and accessories, extra bags, deodorizers, sanitizers, and alcohol hand wipes
•3 Rolls of Paper towels or emergency towels for each person
TOOLS•50 Feet of nylon parachute cord; and 50 foot of ½ inch or ¾ inch nylon rope (rated at 2500lbs minimum)•Large folding sharp Pocket Knife with sharpener or sharpening stone; one hatchet and or axe •3 Rolls of Duct Tape•Foldable Shovel; hand trowel; mixture of standard mechanics tools (screwdrivers, pliers, hammers, etc.)•Current state map and adjoining states maps; emergency routes; topographic maps; compass •Sewing Kit; super glue; and a good strong multipurpose (wood-metal-glass-plastic) glue
•A chain saw with a half-gallon red plastic gas can, filled with gas mix, and/or a 20-inch wood hand saw
•A crow bar; and a water shutoff tool and a gas shutoff tool
WARMTH & SHELTER•Waterproof matches•Alternate fire-starting methods•Tent/Shelter
•2 extra tarps minimum of 10 feet by 10 feet for shelter, cover and ground cloths if needed•Solar Emergency Blankets for each person
•One 32 degree Sleeping Bag for each person, (no solar emergency sleeping bags – dangerous)•4 Hand & 1 Body Warmer for each person for each of the five days•Waterproof Poncho for each person and/or waterproof rain suits•One Wool Blanket for each person.
FIRST AID•One Group First Aid Kit and supplies•First Aid Booklet/Manual
•Small personal First Aid Kit to be carried by each person, plus larger kit for entire family•Burn gel and dressings, including additional large Kotex type napkins for burns and serious injuries•Insect repellent (30% or more DEET); sting kill, calamine lotion, etc.& tweezers for bug bites and stings•Sun block 35spf or greater; one pair of sun glasses for each person; extra pair of prescription glasses
•Extra facemasks for each person for filtering out smoke and ash or protecting against pandemic flu•Special medications and prescriptions as needed
•Cough, cold, allergies, rash, sore throat, toothache, ear, nose, and eye drops or spray or oral medicine, lotions for dry skin, etc. over-the-counter type medicines for minor illnesses that arise
•Snake bite kit (only needed in areas where poisonous snakes are a problem)
•Reflector mirror for checking breathing, search and rescue, and for emergency signaling
MONEY•At least $100 in your kit -- be sure to include quarters for phone calls (banks without power don’t work)
•Emergency Instructions and emergency phone numbers for fire, medical, police, and hospital assistance, and a phone list for family and friends.
•Key to Bank Deposit box•Family photos, backup disks for computer files and programs
•Genealogy records•Copies of documents such as birth certificates, marriage licenses, wills, homeowners and/or renters insurance, auto insurance, phone numbers, credit card information, etc.
•Current identification for each person including drivers license, State ID card, military ID, medical ID, etc.
•Proof of residence or home ownership and utilities contact list
•Current list of medicines taken and a listing of all health conditions and needs for each family member
•Current Prescription list with phone numbers and attending physicians and dentist phone numbers
STRESS RELIEVERS•Set of Scriptures, Emergency Preparedness manuals, Church magazines and/or Church news, games, books, other magazines, hard candy, desserts, inspirational reading, (include small toys, paper & pen, favorite security items for children and infants including favorite blanket, stuffed animal & extra pacifiers)
•3 complete outfits of appropriate clothing - including extra long pants (not shorts) and long-sleeved shirts, extra wool socks, extra underwear, one waterproof hat, 2 pair sturdy waterproof shoes or boots, minimum of 2 pair of gloves (one working pair of gloves, one water proof pair for cold weather), one warm wool sweater, and one warm waterproof or water resistant jacket (for inclement weather).
EMERGENCY CAR KIT
•3 Road Flare(s) for signaling or three highly reflective vehicle/road warning signs
•Tire jack, 4 way tire iron, a good spare tire, a flat tire repair kit and an emergency inflation bottle
•ABC rated fire extinguisher
•2 Extra Air filters and 2 nylon stockings to help filter out smoke and ash after a volcanic eruption
•One 20-foot long 2000lb minimum strength towrope, cable or chain
•One belt repair kit or extra set of belts and one radiator and heater hose repair kit or extra hoses•A one gallon red plastic gas container, with the pour spouts that securely close, filled with gas